Experts in early years nutrition and development welcome research on TV-watching and junk food

The Infant & Toddler Forum (ITF) welcomes the announcement from the ToyBox-study, which states that “TV-watching at weekends and consuming too many unhealthy snacks and soft drinks are making pre-school children pile on the pounds.”

The coordinator of the study, Dr Yannis Manios, has called for a new approach to obesity prevention and said that it “should try to ensure that children have free time and space to be physically active, create a healthy food and drink environment but also guide teachers and parents on how they can promote such behaviours.”

The announcement also highlighted the lack of clear guidelines on healthy eating and active play. The ITF provides expert advice and tools for health and child care professionals and families to help them give toddlers the food and physical activity needed to thrive and develop healthy eating habits.

Judy More, paediatric dietitian and member of the ITF, said, “The toddler years are an ideal time for families to make lifestyle choices to prevent and treat obesity in childhood. The vast majority of obesity is caused by an imbalance between energy intake from food and energy expenditure through activity levels, growth and development. We recommend giving toddlers a routine and offering 3 meals and 2-3 snacks each day. By offering 2 courses at each meal and only offering nutritious snacks, toddlers will get a good range of nutrients. Don’t allow grazing on food. Plan for your toddler to have at least 3 hours physical activity every day and about 12 hours sleep. All activity such as active play inside or outside, walking, running and dancing counts. Limit TV and other screen time like computers to just 1 hour a day.”

Just two of the ITF’s evidence-based, practical resources include:

Ten Steps for Healthy Toddlers

To approach mealtimes with confidence, parents and carers need consistent, trustworthy advice. The ‘Ten Steps for Healthy Toddlers’ is a practical, easy-to-follow guide on what food to offer, what behaviour to encourage, and how best to manage mealtimes.

Portion Sizes for Toddlers: 1-4 Years

The ITF’s portion size ranges can be used as a guide for how much of each food to offer your toddler and they have been designed to ensure that his/her energy and nutrient requirements are met. (Except vitamin D, for which all toddlers need a supplement). You can be reassured that if your toddler is eating within the range of portion sizes of a particular food, then he/she is eating enough of that food.

For easy access to expert advice on how to feed toddlers, see

The Infant & Toddler Forum (ITF) is an independent group of leading experts from paediatrics, neonatology, health visiting, dietetics and child psychology, specialising in early years nutrition and development.

The ITF is supported by an educational grant from the Infant Nutrition division of Danone UK. The views and outputs of the group, however, remain independent of Danone UK and its commercial interests.

If you have press office enquiries, please contact Becky Darke on 020 8971 6408 or

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Further Reading

  • Lucy Upton, Specialist Paediatric Dietitian and Nutritionist   Sugar is everywhere, and the trouble is, a lot of the sugar we eat can be hidden in the food we buy – and often in foods we wouldn’t expect! It is no secret that a healthy, balanced and nutritious diet is essential for toddlers’ growth and development, and this includes keeping a close eye on their sugar consumption. The question of just how much sugar is healthy for young children to consume is one on many parents’ lips. Our guide below aims to demystify sugar consumption and provide tips and advice on how to keep your child’s sugar intake within the recommended amounts.
  • Lucy Upton, Specialist Paediatric Dietitian and Nutritionist   Nothing describes a rollercoaster more accurately than the early months with your newborn baby. With the rush of love and amazing bonding experience that many new parents feel also comes numerous unknowns and challenges which can cause high levels of anxiety. Not always having the answer or being unsure of where to look for trusted information can naturally leave some parents feeling stressed and overwhelmed.
  • Lucy Upton, Specialist Paediatric Dietitian and Nutritionist   Vegetarian and vegan diets have become increasingly popular over the past few years, with more and more parents raising their children on a plant-based diet. Toddlers have high-energy needs and small stomachs, so it is important parents know how to ensure their child gets all the nutrients needed for healthy growth and development. The Infant & Toddler Forum are here to help with practical tips and advice for parents considering a vegetarian or vegan diet for their toddler.